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Chicken Biryani Recipe-A Culinary Masterpiece

In the world of gastronomy, few dishes can match the sheer indulgence and aromatic allure of a perfectly prepared Dum Chicken Biryani. This iconic Indian delicacy, with its roots firmly planted in the heart of the Mughlai cuisine, has transcended boundaries and captured the hearts and palates of food enthusiasts around the globe. If you’re looking to embark on a culinary adventure that combines succulent pieces of chicken with fragrant Basmati rice, look no further. In this article, we’ll take you on a gastronomic journey, unraveling the secrets to crafting the ultimate Dum Chicken Biryani that will leave your taste buds singing with delight.

Dum Chicken Biryani Recipe

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The History of Dum Chicken Biryani

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty of preparing this delectable dish, let’s take a moment to appreciate its rich history. Dum Biryani, often referred to as “slow-cooked biryani,” traces its origins back to the royal kitchens of the Mughal emperors. The term “Dum” refers to the slow cooking method, where the ingredients are meticulously layered in a heavy-bottomed vessel, sealed with dough to trap the flavors, and then cooked over a low flame. This technique was perfected to create a dish that would not only satiate the palate but also delight the senses with its captivating aroma.

Chicken Biryani Recipe

Dum Chicken Biryani Recipe-A Culinary Masterpiece
Discover the art of creating a culinary masterpiece with our Dum Chicken Biryani recipe. This rich and flavorful dish, rooted in Mughlai cuisine, combines marinated chicken and fragrant Basmati rice, slow-cooked to perfection. Unveil the secrets of Dum Biryani's history and preparation steps, and indulge in a symphony of taste and aroma. Elevate your culinary skills and savor the royal flavors of Dum Chicken Biryani today!
Prep Time 20 minutes
Total Time 1 hour
Course Main Course
Cuisine Indian, pakistan
Servings 4 people


  • For Marinating the Chicken:
  • 500 g chicken preferably bone-in pieces
  • 1 cup thick yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons ginger-garlic paste
  • 1 teaspoon red chili powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • Salt to taste
  • For the Rice:
  • 2 cups Basmati rice
  • 4-5 cups water
  • 2-3 green cardamom pods
  • 1 bay leaf
  • Salt to taste
  • For Assembling the Biryani:
  • 2 large onions thinly sliced
  • 1/2 cup fresh coriander leaves chopped
  • 1/2 cup fresh mint leaves chopped
  • 4-5 tablespoons ghee clarified butter
  • A pinch of saffron strands soaked in 2 tablespoons of warm milk
  • Whole Spices:
  • 4-5 cloves
  • 2-3 green cardamom pods
  • 1- inch cinnamon stick
  • 1 bay leaf


  • Preparation Steps
  • Step 1: Marinating the Chicken
  • In a bowl, combine the yogurt, ginger-garlic paste, red chili powder, turmeric powder, and salt to create a flavorful marinade.
  • Add the chicken pieces to the marinade, ensuring they are well coated.
  • Cover the bowl and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, allowing the chicken to absorb the rich flavors.
  • Step 2: Preparing the Rice
  • Wash the Basmati rice thoroughly under running water until the water runs clear.
  • In a large pot, bring 4-5 cups of water to a boil.
  • Add the rice, green cardamom pods, bay leaf, and salt.
  • Cook the rice until it's 70% done (it should still have a slight bite to it).
  • Drain the rice and set it aside.
  • Step 3: Frying the Onions
  • In a heavy-bottomed pan, heat 2-3 tablespoons of ghee.
  • Add the thinly sliced onions and sauté them until they turn golden brown and crispy.
  • Remove half of the fried onions and set them aside for garnishing.
  • Step 4: Layering the Biryani
  • In a large, heavy-bottomed vessel, heat the remaining ghee.
  • Add the whole spices - cloves, green cardamom, cinnamon stick, and bay leaf. Sauté until fragrant.
  • Place a layer of marinated chicken at the bottom of the vessel.
  • Add a layer of partially cooked rice on top of the chicken.
  • Sprinkle some fried onions, chopped coriander leaves, and mint leaves.
  • Repeat the layers until all the chicken and rice are used up.
  • Drizzle the saffron-infused milk over the top layer.
  • Step 5: Dum Cooking
  • Seal the vessel's lid with dough to ensure no steam escapes.
  • Place the sealed vessel on a low flame and cook for 20-25 minutes.
  • Remove from heat and let it sit for another 10 minutes before opening.


Marinating the chicken for a few hours is crucial to infuse it with the rich flavors of the spices and yogurt.
Ensure the rice is only partially cooked (about 70%) before layering to achieve the perfect texture during Dum cooking.
The sealing of the vessel with dough is essential to trap the aroma and create a truly aromatic Dum Biryani.
Customize the spice level according to your preference by adjusting the red chili powder and green chilies.
Serve your Dum Chicken Biryani with raita, pickle, or a cooling yogurt-based side dish to balance the flavors.
Prepare to be transported to a world of exquisite taste and aroma with this authentic Dum Biryani recipe. Enjoy!
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Serving Your Dum Chicken Biryani

Unveiling the Dum Biryani is a moment of sheer anticipation and joy. The aroma that escapes when you break the seal is nothing short of magical. To serve, gently fluff up the layers with a fork, ensuring that each plate gets a perfect blend of chicken, rice, and aromatic spices. Garnish with the reserved fried onions, coriander leaves, and mint leaves. You can also serve it with raita (yogurt-based side dish) or a zesty pickle for an extra burst of flavor.


The Dum Chicken Biryani is a culinary masterpiece that has stood the test of time. Its rich history and complex flavors make it a dish worth savoring. While it may require some patience and effort to prepare, the end result is an unforgettable symphony of taste and aroma that will transport you to the royal kitchens of the Mughals. So, gather your ingredients, follow the steps diligently, and embark on a gastronomic journey that promises to delight your senses and leave you craving for more.

Nutritional Information (Approximate Values) for Dum Chicken Biryani (per serving):

  • Calories: 450-500 kcal
  • Protein: 20-25 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 50-55 grams
  • Dietary Fiber: 2-3 grams
  • Sugars: 3-4 grams
  • Fat: 18-22 grams
  • Saturated Fat: 6-8 grams
  • Cholesterol: 50-60 milligrams
  • Sodium: 700-800 milligrams


que1. What is Dum Chicken Biryani?

Dum Chicken Biryani is a classic Indian dish known for its fragrant Basmati rice and tender chicken pieces. It’s slow-cooked to perfection, allowing the flavors to meld together beautifully.

que2. Can I use boneless chicken for this recipe?

Yes, you can use boneless chicken if you prefer. However, bone-in chicken typically adds more flavor to the dish.

que3. How long should I marinate the chicken?

Marinate the chicken for a minimum of 2 hours to allow it to absorb the flavors. Longer marination, up to 6 hours, is even better for richer taste.

que4. What type of rice is best for Dum Biryani?

Basmati rice is the preferred choice for Dum Biryani due to its long grains and fragrant aroma.

que5. What can I serve with Dum Chicken Biryani?

You can serve it with raita (yogurt-based side dish), a pickle, or a simple salad for a balanced meal.

que6. Can I adjust the spice level in this recipe?

Yes, you can customize the spice level by adjusting the amount of red chili powder and green chilies according to your taste.

que7. Is Dum Biryani difficult to make?

While Dum Biryani requires some time and patience, it’s not overly difficult. Just follow the steps carefully, and you’ll be rewarded with a delicious meal.

que8. What does “Dum cooking” mean?

Dum cooking is a slow-cooking method where the ingredients are layered in a sealed vessel and cooked over low heat. This allows the flavors to meld together and results in a fragrant and flavorful dish.

que9. Can I make Dum Biryani in advance?

Yes, you can prepare Dum Biryani in advance and reheat it before serving. It often tastes even better the next day as the flavors have had more time to develop.

que10. What’s the history behind Dum Biryani?

Dum Biryani has its origins in the royal kitchens of the Mughal emperors in India. The term “Dum” refers to the slow-cooking technique used to create this exquisite dish.

que11. Can I use vegetable or other protein alternatives instead of chicken?

Absolutely! You can adapt this recipe to your dietary preferences by using vegetables, tofu, or other proteins of your choice.

que12. What are some tips for achieving the perfect Dum Biryani?

Ensure the vessel is sealed well with dough to trap the aroma, use high-quality spices, and let it rest for a few minutes after cooking before serving to enhance the flavors.

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